How many times have you bought a stock on someone's advice to make a quick buck and waited for months, may be years, to just recover your cost? Share trading, experts warn, is a risky game. However, it's possible to play it smartly and make a quick buck as well, they say.
Sandeep Nayak, executive director and chief executive officer at Centrum Broking, says, "The main attraction of trading is that people feel they can make quick money. But there are no free lunches. Trading requires a lot of discipline."
Should you invest in gold or silver at current high prices?
While traders do make as well as lose money, whether this activity suits you depends on your financial position.
"Once you do your financial planning in detail, you know what your commitments are, as well as your risk appetite," says B Gopkumar, executive vice president, Kotak Securities.
TYPES OF TRADES
You can trade in shares and commodities. However, in India, retail investors mainly trade in stock futures and options due to sheer volumes. Trading means buying and selling a stock the same day or holding it for just 2-3 days. The former is called intra-day trade. The latter is called swing trade. Positional trade generally involves taking a longer position and holding a stock for 2-3 weeks.
Profits depend on risk management. "I have been in the market for 10-12 years and I have seen that people do make money by trading shares," says Centrum's Nayak.
Safety tips for dealing with market volatility
This depends to a large extent on how much capital is available, how many opportunities you can explore and your knowledge of technical analysis.
"The returns depend on your risk appetite, how much money you invest and how many of your trades turn out to be profitable. You can make 3-4% in a day or even lose money," says Gopkumar.
While any recipient of the so-called 'hot tip' can trade, making money consistently is possible only when you have sufficient knowledge of the markets and skills for technical analysis, which is the science of forecasting prices based on historical data.
The software for technical analysis is available on the internet for free, but with limited features. Professional software capable of highly detailed analysis comes at a price. One should either have knowledge of technical analysis and the market or consult the relationship manager of the brokerage firm, says Gopkumar.
Stock exchanges, such as the Bombay Stock Exchange and the National Stock Exchange, offer courses in technical analysis. Another institution which offers such courses is Online Trading Academy. "People should trade only if they can take risk, control emotions, set targets and book profit/loss at the target point," says Harikrishna Makwana, education director, Online Trading Academy.
While one can get many trading tips, their execution is important. Derek Zelek, master instructor at Online Trading Academy, says, "It's a battle of emotions. Trading is simple, but not easy. You have to be disciplined."
The importance of discipline in share trading cannot be obverstressed. That is because in most cases, when people are making money, greed makes them wait for more, and so they don't book profits. When prices fall, fear makes them sell fast. These situations can be avoided if they know when to book profit/loss.
If losses are not a deterrent and the market's roller-coaster movements give you a high, here are a few habits and skills that can help you stay on the right track. These are useful for day traders as well as positional traders.
Discipline: The key to success is a stop-loss order. Stop loss helps a trader sell a stock when it slides to a certain price. Suppose you buy shares of company A at Rs 100 and set a stop loss at Rs 95. When the price falls to Rs 95, the shares will be sold automatically. This means you have limited your loss to Rs 5. While entering a trade, you should be clear about how much loss you are willing to accept.
Skill: Trading is a skill, says Derek. "You have to learn what not to do along with what you should do. You should also know how to spot amateurs and trap them and how to take positions. Also, you should be quick to get in and very quick to get out," he says. A lot of amateurs in the market buy at a wrong point. A skilled trader identifies such people and takes an opposite position to trap them.
Planning: One should identify a few stocks and focus on them.
Minimum capital: Only those with a capital of at least Rs 2 lakh can trade for a meaningful gain. However, this capital should not be borrowed and should not be part of your core savings. People can also trade with less, but volumes are important. So, a certain minimum capital is a must.
Stock volumes: A stock should have enough volumes for it to be tradable. According to Zelek, it should have a minimum daily average volume of 500,000 shares. For those just starting, trading Nifty-50 stocks is a good idea, he says.
Price range: What should you do with a share which has high volumes but not much price movement? You should prefer shares with a minimum price range of Rs 10. This means the average difference between a stock's intra-day high and intra-day low should be at least Rs 10.